Naturalism in Stephan Crane and Jack London's Works

1265 Words Feb 1st, 2018 5 Pages
Naturalism represents our individual control over our destiny and our actions as determined and limited through the natural world, specifically humanity. Stephan Crane and Jack London depict descriptive images of human despair illustrated by distressing environments and environmental forces within in their stories.
Crane’s “Maggie: A Girl in the Streets” is a story of unyielding realism. The story follows Maggie, a girl who resides within the Bowery with her physically and emotionally abusive parents and brothers, Jimmy and Tommie. The story focuses on the life and struggles of Maggie and her family within the slums. Maggie desperately tries to escape the life within the Bowery, but eventually succumbs to it and passes away a broken woman.
A central theme occurring in “Maggie” is naturalism, and within this specific story, no one escapes their environmental and biological destiny. Stephan Crane highlights the harsh effects of urbanization and industrialization occurring within the story. Maggie’s parents are represented as unfit guardians: Her parents are not only abusive, but also display alcoholic tendencies. Regardless of Jimmie and Maggie’s desire to break away from the miserable life within bowery, they find themselves unable to.
Crane exemplifies within the story, the innate law of…
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