Nature vs Nurture Essay

804 Words 4 Pages
Nature vs Nurture

In his book, the universally acclaimed and bestseller "The Selfish Gene", Richard Dawkins presents his viewpoint that living organisms are but "survival machines", that "the individual [is a] selfish machine, programmed to do whatever is best for its gene as a whole." In fact, this is the central concept in his book that he brings across. An individual's behaviour and actions are 100% determined by its genes and the individual behaves in accordance to ensure the best persistence of its gene in any circumstances. There is no doubt where Dawkins stands on the nature vs nurture issue. He regards genes- the "replicator" as the brain that determines the resultant individual as a temporary storage unit until it is next
…show more content…
To dispute, the environmental effect on IQ was quite dramatically noted from a number of studies in the 1920s. For example, a study comparing IQ scores of the same test of native white, black, and immigrant Italian children by psychologist Ada Arlitt determined that scores were divided along social status (which reflects quality of upbringing - nature) rather than race (intuitively associated with the quality of their genetic makeup - nurture). Work by Otto Klineberg in various studies such as the conclusion that the longer Southern-born black children lived in New York city, the higher their scores for a given IQ test also gave further evidence of the effect of the environment on IQ quality of its occupants.

Increasingly, therefore, as noted by psychologist Ann Anastasi from these studies, researchers uphold the idea that nature and nurture are "interactive and interrelated", not "independent and additive" in their impact on human development. In my opinion, I also agree that to a certain extent, the inherent capability of the IQ of an individual is genetically predetermined, but the effects of environmental effects such as opportunity in education and guidance in learning serve extremely important considerations in the individual's final IQ capability.

A more concrete example of the interaction that actually occurs over independent additive effects between

More about Nature vs Nurture Essay

Open Document