Necessity Of Ration A Vaccine For A Contagious Disease

938 Words Aug 29th, 2016 4 Pages
Case Scenario 1: It has become necessary to ration a vaccine for a contagious disease. There is only enough vaccine available to cover 75% of the U.S. population. It is necessary to determine an appropriate method for doing this. Analyze this case by applying each of the theories of Utilitarianism, Rights-based, Justice-based and Virtue-based ethics as discussed in Module 2. (20 points) Utilitarian theory is the moral worth of an action is determined solely by its contributions to overall effectiveness. Since utilitarian theory is mainly about reducing suffering, but maximizing the utility. I believe in this scenario using this theory the vaccine would be rationed for those in the U.S. society who contribute to there community and help others. It would be hard to judge, but based on utilitarian reasoning there are some people who would be more helpful. The first people would be caretakers like physicians, doctors, therapists, philanthropists, and scientists who could maybe replicate the vaccine and reduce the suffering.
As for the rights-based theory it is constructed from human rights. Similar to equal right to health care, right to make ones own decisions on health care, the right to refuse treatment, or even just determining the rightness and wrongness of an action. In this theory it could be a possibility that some might refuse the vaccine, which would be fine in the case that the vaccine is limited. The problems would be figuring out through the human rights…

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