Needs Hierarchy Theory of Motivation

2699 Words Dec 27th, 2012 11 Pages
a. One of the most widely mentioned theories of motivation is the hierarchy of needs theory put forth by psychologist Abraham Maslow. He was known for establishing the theory of a hierarchy, writing that the needs of human beings can act as motivators when those very needs remain unsatisfied. In order to address a need of a higher level, the immediate lower level of need must be satisfied initially. Maslow’s studied extensively exemplary people like Einstein, Roosevelt rather than mentally ill or neurotic people. This was in itself a radical deviation from the popular schools of psychology of his day, Freud and Skinner who saw little difference between animalistic and humane motivations.

Maslow 's hierarchy of needs was an alternative
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The negative version of these needs is low self-esteem and inferiority complexes. Maslow felt that Adler was really onto something when he proposed that these were at the roots of many, if not most, of our psychological problems.

All of the preceding four levels he calls deficit needs, or D-needs. If you don’t have enough of something -- i.e. you have a deficit -- you feel the need. But if you get all you need, you feel nothing at all! In other words, they cease to be motivating.

5. Self-Actualisation - The highest need in Maslow’s hierarchy is the need to truly become what one is capable of becoming, to maximize one’s potential and to accomplish material manifestations of the promise of an individual. People who have everything can maximize their potential. They can seek knowledge, peace, esthetic experiences, self-fulfillment, one-ness with God, etc. In evaluating this need the individuals were characteristic of a certain criterion. A few were that These people were reality-centered, which means they could differentiate what is fake and dishonest from what is real and genuine. They were problem-centered, meaning they treated life’s difficulties as problems demanding solutions, not as personal troubles to be railed at or surrendered to. And they had a different perception of means and ends. They felt that the ends don’t necessarily justify the means, that the means could be ends themselves, and