Negative Effects Of Child Labor In Ghana

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Lives of little ones are destroyed, when child labor is employed. This is one of the famous slogans that shows the severity and the cruelty of child labor. Child labor refers to work that threatens children’s health and safety or deprives their right to education (Herring). Child labor is a serious global issue that the world is facing these days. According to the International Labor Organization (ILO), 215 million children worldwide between the ages of five and seventeen work under conditions that are considered illegal, hazardous, or extremely exploitative. ILO also states that “Hazardous child labour is most prevalent among the 15-17 years old. Nevertheless, up to a fourth of all child labour (19 million) is done by children less than…show more content…
Heady focused on measuring the skills that children have learned in reading and mathematics rather than analyzing school enrollment and attendance as he believed that “the use of school attendance as a measure of educational achievement is not ideal for estimating the harm caused by child labour” (Heady 1). He argued that it might over-estimate or under-estimate the harm of child labor. To measure Ghana children’s educational achievement, Heady analyzed the result of Ghana Living Standards Survey (GLSS2). GLSS2 is an efficient method that proves child working have a negative impact on children education. It includes an educational test that consists of an easy reading test, an easy mathematics test, an advanced reading test, and an advanced mathematics test. The analysis focused on children aged between 9 and 18 and the test results has been organized by grouping working and non-working children of the same age (Heady 21). There were big differences in test scores between working and non-working children of the same age. Working children received much lower scores on reading and mathematics achievement compared to non-working children. They are struggling in having academic achievement due to the “tiredness and lack of time to complete homework” (Heady 23). They feel exhausted and lose their interest in learning. This also results in low attendance which threaten children’s right to get education. This research proves that child labor hinders child education.
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