Negative Effects Of Colonization Essay

1217 WordsOct 24, 20175 Pages
It is easy to see that throughout history there have been many instances of colonization. Colonization is defined as “The action or process of settling among and establishing control over the indigenous people of an area” (Oxford Dictionary Online). In many cases, this has been extremely detrimental to cultures of other civilizations. Culture is “the customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits of a racial, religious, or social group” (Merriam Webster Online). The overly ambitious use of colonization has not only stripped people of their culture and identity, but caused more harm than help. Many factors can influence colonization, including overpopulation, economic distress, social unrest, and religious persecution. Imperialism…show more content…
Both the Spanish and the Portuguese exercised strict governmental control over their colonies and used them primarily as a basis for rich commerce with the parent government. Many of the places colonized by Spain and Portugal were left helpless like a child with no mother. The effect of the portuguese and spanish colonizations left the colonies discouraged from becoming economically self-sufficient. Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe is a book set in the Lower Niger at the turn of the 19th century. The book is about the tragic downfall of the protagonist Okonkwo and the Igbo culture due to the colonization and europeanization of the missionaries. While he is in exile in Mbanta, European missionaries come to his home village and start converting people to Christianity and changing their ideas of government and systems of beliefs. When he comes back to his village, everything is different and his life is flipped upside down. He feels overwhelmed and hopeless because his village is changing and he does not want it to. In Things Fall Apart, Achebe says “Now he has won our brothers, and our clan can no longer act like one. He has put a knife on the things that held us together and we have fallen apart” (Achebe 176). This quote shows how the missionaries changed the lifestyle of the Igbo people
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