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Negative Effects On Child Abuse

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Abuse can affect children in different ways and have a negative impact on a child’s confidence and self- esteem, it may be identified that the child has become withdrawn or anxious and may possibly consider self- harm due to the psychological trauma of the abuse (Moeller et al., 1993). All forms of abuse will have a detrimental impact on a child’s emotional wellbeing and consequently their mental health. When a child has witnessed or been subject to maltreatment this consequently affects how a child understands their emotions- which will have long-term effects (Macqueen et al., 2012). A child who has suffered abuse will often be unable to form relationships or attachments. This theory is supported by Bowlby (1907), who identified that it was a child’s biological need to form a maternal attachment- however if the mother is the abuser, this attachment will be compromised (Bowlby, 1958). The child is likely to display an insecure attachment if their needs are rejected, or a resistant attachment if their needs are inconsistently met (Ainsworth cited in: Ainsworth & Bell, 1970). In order to support the child in forming an attachment, the setting should allocate a key worker who will support the child through transition (Elfer, Goldschmied & Selleck, 2010). Goldschmied (1910), suggests this should have a positive outcome as it will encourage the child to form relationships with an adult, which will help them to feel safe in their environment, making them more comfortable talking
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