Nelson Mandela Essay

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Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was a South African lawyer, politician, freedom fighter, president and peace ambassador. He was born on July 18, 1918 in Transkei, South Africa. His father was a tribal leader, Chief Henry Mandela of the Tembu Tribe who had 4 wives and Mandela was third wifes’son. Late his father died of Tuberclousis and that led to the next regent of the tribe to be his guardian. When he was growing he was attended Wesleyan mission school, where his teacher, named him Nelson. He then went to Clarkebury Bording Institute and accomplished his junior certificate in 2 years which would normally take three years; it was while he was there that he develop an interest in boxing and…show more content…
In 1948 Mandela became active in politics and was greatly involved in resistance against the apartheid policies of the ruling National Party. In 1952, he led a defiance campaign, and adoption of freedom was instigated. In 1955, formed congress of people charter which provided fundamental basis of anti-apartheid cause and together with his friend Oliver Tambo started a law firm; where they provided free or low cost legal counsel to many black who lacked attorney representative. In December 5, 1956 together with other 150 people, went on trial for treason, and was acquitted in 1961. After the banning of the ANC in 1960, Nelson Mandela argued for the setting up of a military wing within the ANC. In June 1961, the ANC executive considered his proposal on the use of violent tactics and agreed that those members who wished to involve themselves in Mandela's campaign would not be stopped from doing so by the ANC. This led to the formation of Umkhonto we Sizwe. He coordinated sabotage campaigns against military and governmental targets making possible for guerilla war. Mandela was arrested in 1962 after living on the run for seventeen months and after a tip off from United States criminal investigation agency (CIA). In 1963, when many other fellow leaders of the ANC and the Umkhonto we Sizwe were arrested, Mandela was brought to stand trial with them for plotting to overthrow the government by violence; was

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