Neonatal And Perinatal Health Outcomes

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Neonatal and perinatal health outcomes will influence the overall future health of an individual. Indeed, many illnesses and disorders originate from prenatal and early infancy abnormal developments. Preterm-birth and low-birth weight have been positively correlated with adverse health outcomes ranging from childhood to the adult life of an individual. Thus, it is essential for public health professionals to understand not only the biological factors influencing the birth timing and weight, but also the psychosocial dynamics which may impact those outcomes. For years, many scientists have observed what is called the ‘migrant paradox’. The migrant paradox designates a situation where first generation immigrants who are almost…show more content…
In the precise case of neonatal and perinatal health outcome, reproductive habitus, which Smith-Oka defined as “the modes of living the reproductive body, bodily practices, and the creation of new subjects through interactions between people and structures” (Smith-Oka, 2012, p. 2276). This sociological concept is the focal point of Fleuriet et al. 2015 interdisciplinary research on the migrant paradox in the United States. The idea that a specific habitus protects neonatal and perinatal health outcomes of migrants in high-income countries from poverty, social exclusion and lower levels of education is an underlying theory of multiple of the analyzed papers, starting with Zeitlin et al. 2011 analysis of a French district. However, the literature regarding those health parameters and their relationship to migrant status also encompass research on the impact of neighborhood segregation, birth countries’ of mothers and their ethnicity. In 2012, Li et al. conducted a study in order to investigate whether there was a correlation between the birth country of mothers and the likelihood of preterm birth in Sweden. They defined preterm birth as delivery before 37 weeks. The researchers drew their data from the WomMed II Database which contained information, including prenatal care and hospital admissions of 99% of all. births in Sweden between 1973 and
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