Nepal Airlines Corporation - a Brief History

2179 WordsDec 18, 20089 Pages
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION A BRIEF HISTORY OF AVIATION IN NEPAL The development of aviation in Nepal can be traced back to the mid 1940's, when a lone pilot who spluttered over the mountains, dipped into Kathmandu valley landing on a cow grazing field. That field, Gaucharan, is now the site of Nepal's only international airport. In April of '49, a single engine (seated) vintage Bonanza aircraft of Indian Ambassador Mr. Sarjeet Singh Mahatahia landed at Gaucharan and thus heralded the beginning of aviation in Nepal. Himalayan aviation Douglas DC-3(VT-DCE) Dakota aircraft started three flights a week scheduled flights between Patna and Kathmandu. Another Dakota VT-CBC brought in king Tribhuvan from Patna on the 18th of February, 1951, to…show more content…
Development In the last 40 years of scheduled airline operations, NAC has crossed six distinct phases of development and since 1995 the airline has suffered stagnation in route/fleet expansion, production development etc. each phase has witnessed increase in the airlines capacity production and route coverage to more than the previous phase. Early phase (1958-59): NAC began internal services in July 1985 as a joint venture with an Indian Managing Agent. The emphasis then was on the commercialization of services to 4 domestic airports, namely Pokhara, Simara, Biratnagar and Bhairawa rather than on the expansion of fleet and route network which was the priority of government. Expansion phase (1960-65): The government took full control of the airlines on 12 October 1959, acquired two more DC-3 aircraft and route expansion program was initiated with services to Patna, Delhi and Calcutta in India and Janakpur, Rajbiraj and Gorkha inside Nepal in 1960. Seven more DC-3 aircraft were acquired and the routes were further expanded from Bhadrapur to Dhangadi including Dang and Nepalgunj inside Nepal and Dhaka in the East Pakistan. By 1965, eight of the ten DC-3 were operating to 12 domestic and 4 international destinations, flying 7495 hours. So this period can also be called Dakota phase. Modernization Phase (1966-70): The next 5 years until 1970 was the
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