Nepotism: Employment and Job Satisfaction

5741 Words Aug 29th, 2012 23 Pages
SOCIAL BEHAVIOR AND PERSONALITY, 2008, 36(9), 1237-1250 © Society for Personality Research (Inc.)

Nepotism, Favoritism aNd CroNyism: a study oF their eFFeCts oN job stress aNd job satisFaCtioN iN the baNkiNg iNdustry oF North Cyprus
Huseyin ArAsli And MustAfA tuMer Eastern Mediterranean University, Gazimagusa, North Cyprus
Nepotism, cronyism and favoritism are unprofessional practices giving preferential treatment to relatives and friends in employment. For this study a survey was carried out with 576 respondents working in the banking industry in northern Cyprus. An analysis was then conducted to assess the impact of these practices on job stress, job satisfaction, and intention to quit behavior of employees, as well as word of mouth
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However, there are very few studies that underline the importance and the effects of nepotism, favoritism and cronyism on those outcomes mentioned above at the organizational level. The present study also provided some suggestions and managerial implications for owners, politicians, managers, and employees in northern Cyprus where the banking industry constitutes an essential part of the economy. This study was, therefore, useful and innovative in the approach taken. Nepotism, Favoritism aNd CroNyism The term nepotism is derived from the Latin word for grandson or nephew. It is related to the English word nephew, which comes from Latin via Old French, (http://www.dictionary.com). Webster’s Third New International Dictionary (Merriam-Webster, 2000) defines nepotism as favoritism shown to nephews and other relatives, by giving them positions because of their relationship rather than their competencies. Most of the literature suggests that large firms are more likely to hire relatives as employees than are smaller firms. However, some researchers believe that nepotism is dominant in smaller firms in less developed countries (Hayajenh, Maghraki, & Al-Dabbagh, 1994; Williams & Laker, 2005).

NEPOTISM, FAVORITISM, CRONYISM

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Cronyism is defined as giving preference to politicians’ particularly to cronies (close friends of long standing), especially as evidenced in the

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