Hirschsprung Disease Occurring once in approximately 5000 live births, Hirschsprung disease is a congenital abnormality characterized by the absence of autonomic parasympathetic ganglion cells in the colon preventing peristalsis and resulting in intestinal obstruction and abdominal distension. Also known as congenital aganglionic megacolon, this medical malady is an unfortunate anomaly of
Discuss the biological approach in psychology. Refer to at least one other approach in your answer. (12 marks)
Introduction: Homeostasis is the process of maintaining a fairly constant interval environment. Homeostatic mechanisms help us to be independent of our external environment. It helps us regulate our body temperature, pH, concentration of dissolved substance in the body fluids, concentration of glucose in blood, concentration of oxygen and carbon dioxide in
Homeostasis is a self-regulating process of equilibrium where the internal conditions of an environment are kept constant to maintain its normal functions. Homeostasis exists to primarily help your body control body temperatures and fluids at stable levels. If homeostasis cannot be sustained within limitations, our body cannot function properly. The
1. Biological psychology, of biopsychology, is the application of the principles of biology to the study of mental processes in terms of bodily mechanisms. The view that psychological processes have biological (or physiological) correlates, is the basic assumption of the whole field of biological psychology. Biological psychology is a hopeful domain, one that has much to offer in terms of improving the quality of life of the healthy as well as those suffering from disorders. It also contributed important therapeutic data on a variety of conditions, including: Parkinson 's Disease, Alzheimer 's Disease, Clinical depression, Schizophrenia and a lot others. Humans have very complex nervous system, they use neurons and neurotransmitters to make the highest active communication network throughout the body. “most of the body’s neurons are found in the central nervous system(CNS), which consists of the brain and spinal cord” (psychology 5th edition). “Neuroscience emphasizes that the brain and nervous system are central to understanding behavior, thought, and emotion. (Van Horn, 2014; Zhao & others, 2014). Therefore, for biological psychologist all that is psychological is first physiological. All thoughts, feeling & behavior ultimately have a biological cause.” We are benefited from biological approach for diagnosing and treating human brains Ex. Schizophrenia. Scientists are also able to create medications for different types of illnesses. Besides having psychologists
Homeostasis is a biological process that maintains a constant internal environment, regardless of what is going on in the external environment. This process ensures the bodily functions and chemicals are kept in a state of balance which in return allows the body to function optimally. Homeostasis requires coordination of the hormonal (endocrine system) and nervous systems, which together regulate the activity of the body’s organ systems. The regulatory activities are constantly adjusted in response to stimuli (change) from both the internal and external environment. A change influenced by the external environment can cause a state in the body that will take it away from the normal, the body will act to counteract this change and return the internal environment back to a steady state. This is negative feedback. Negative feedback has a stabilising effect reducing changes from a set point and returning internal conditions to a steady state. Most body systems e.g. controlling blood glucose levels, obtains homeostasis through negative feedback which makes the negative feedback system critically important in obtaining homeostasis. However there is also positive feedback which is a system that results in the escalation of a response to a stimulus. It causes instability in the system and is used when there is a specific outcome required. Positive feedback ceases once the natural resolution is reached e.g. baby is born, pathogen is destroyed, blood clot forms. This system is not used
Usually, homeostasis should be maintained using the stimulus-response model. In this model, the stimulus is the changes or variations in the internal environment of your body, and will be detected by receptors. Then, the control centre (your brain and spinal
Explain how psychological perspectives have been used to criminal behavior Biological approaches: (P1)The biological approach means that our behavior is the cause of biological factors. This approach looks at our genetics to construct a reason why we act the way we do and why we develop abnormal behaviors. The brain and nervous system are the biological approach and so are chemical changes in the body .This can mean chemical reactions in the brain. For instance, in eating disorders - twin studies were carried out and it was shown that if one identical twin suffered from an eating disorder then the other twin would also be more likely to suffer from a disorder as well. This did not happen with non-identical twins, suggesting that the
Homeostasis is an organisms way of stabilizing and keeping a consistent internal environment within the body while our external environment is always changing. The endocrine system plays a big role in this as hormones help regulate the cells. The stimulus controls the release of hormones into the blood, it either increases or decreases the amount released. The receptor then detects the change, and sends the information to the control center. The control center then analyzes the information and decides the appropriate response. The effector then receives the information sent by the control center, the effector either puts out negative feedback or positive feedback. Negative feedback will shut off the stimulus, and positive feedback will fasten
M2. Discuss the probable homeostatic response Homeostasis is the maintenance of a constant internal environment. The maintenance of homeostasis can occur through the nervous system or through chemical stimulation and changes are achieved and controlled by the homeostasis regulation mechanisms
Living with Damage to the Hypothalamus Living with some-one who has a tumor or lesion; caused by an accidental trauma to the head, a stroke or a penetrating projectile, ect., can affect many aspects of normal life. Damage to the hypothalamus can produce
Homeostasis can have many different applications in everyday life. It can mean keeping the body in balance, in regards to weight, health etc. It can mean keeping the mind in balance, not sinking into a depression, not succumbing to harmful addictions, or not caving under everyday stress. I feel this term is very important, because developing balance, or homeostasis in my life was one of the main ways I battled and won depression. I plan on entering the field of counseling psychology, because of this I want to learn more about homeostasis.
Method Participants 100 healthy, undergraduate participants with even numbers of males and females will be recruited from University of Otago psychology students and will be rewarded with course credits. Participants with a history of chemosensory disorders, sleep disorders or smoking will be excluded as will those on medications known to
Homeostasis is the body’s way of maintaining a steady balance in the internal organs regardless of fluctuations in the external environment. Homeostasis is an important function in all humans and animals as keeping a stable environment requires constant adjustments as the environment changes. Homeostasis requires the coordination of both the endocrine (hormonal) and nervous systems; they regulate the body’s internal organs.
Homeostasis uses a feedback mechanism called negative feedback meaning that it works from feedback it receives about changes that need to be made. The mechanism responds to the normal range of environmental factors because the receptors sense that a change needs to be