Neurological Disorders : A Brief Synopsis Of Schizophrenia And Alzheimer 's Disease
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Neurological Disorders: A Brief Synopsis of Schizophrenia and Alzheimer’s disease
Melissa K. Mark
Annette Edwards, PhD
November, 2015 Abstract
Neurological disorders are diseases of the brain, spine, and connecting nerves, and of the more than 600 neurological diseases (Neurological Disorders, n.d.), Schizophrenia, and Alzheimer’s disease comprise some of the most devastating effect on the human ability to function as there is currently not a cure for either debilitating disease. This paper will utilize scholarly research to discuss behavioral criteria, incidence rates, and treatment options for Schizophrenia and Alzheimer’s disease.
Neurological Disorders Millions of people worldwide are affected by one of more…show more content… Neurodevelopmental disorders are characterized by impairments of the growth and development of the central nervous system as they occur by origin, or during infancy and childhood, inhibiting functions that affect emotion, learning, self-control, motor skills, and memory. Specific disorders within this spectrum include but are not limited to, fetal alcohol syndrome, autism, Tourette syndrome, fragile-X syndrome, Down syndrome, ADHD, Mendelsohn’s syndrome, and schizophrenia. Neurodevelopmental disorders stem from many causes, ranging from chromosomal deficiency, genetic and metabolic diseases, immune disorders, infectious diseases, physical trauma, and nutritional, toxic, and environmental factors (Bale, et.al., 2010).
Neurocognitive disorders are classified by significant cognitive decline from prior functioning, affecting memory, speech, communication, behavior, and the ability to complete regulatory tasks. In some cases of neurocognitive dysfunction the condition does not progress, and although rare, some people may even experience improvement. Types of neurocognitive disorders include delirium, mild neurocognitive disorder, major neurocognitive disorder, anxiety, mood, and psychotic disorders, and Alzheimer’s disease. Just as there are many origins of neurodevelopmental disorders, there are also a wide array of causes of neurocognitive disorders including brain disorders,