Neurotransmitters Are Chemicals, That Are Released Into

1022 WordsApr 22, 20175 Pages
Neurotransmitters are chemicals, that are released into the synaptic cleft from the axon terminal of the sending neuron. They are chemicals which provide information throughout the brain and body. The brain uses neurotransmitters for several functions such as to tell the heart to beat and your lungs to breathe in and out which are autonomic functions. People can use drugs to alter how the neurotransmitters work, and the rate of drug use across the world is at an all time high. Cocaine is the second most used illegal drug in Europe resulting in a high demand of research for the short and long term effects of cocaine and how cocaine can lead to addiction and dependence. An article by W. H Freeman published in Molecular Cell Biology, states…show more content…
The short-term physiological effects of cocaine use include constricted blood vessels; dilated pupils, increased body temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure. Larger amounts of cocaine can cause violent behavior. Some cocaine users report feelings of restlessness, irritability, anxiety, panic, and paranoia. Users may also experience tremors, vertigo, and muscle twitches. Along side this, there can be more serve complications such as disturbances in heart rate rhythm, heart attacks, strokes and seizures, headaches, nausea and sudden death. Cocaine- related deaths are often a result of cardiac arrest or seizures followed by respiratory arrest. The article also identifies many of the long term effects such as psychosis, chronic blood vessel damage, live and kidney damage and a variety of other mental health problems. (NIDA, 2010) I agree with the author of this article, as the information provided is by the national institution on drug abuse is stating direct facts about the short-term and long term effects of cocaine. Although the information provided is factual, I believe the author can reiterate the effects further my providing figures to back up his facts. However, the scientific community would have great difficulty down to ethical issues if they were to ever test the use of cocaine on a human being. From
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