New Political And Military Structures

1036 Words May 19th, 2016 5 Pages
Early humans began to form small groups that created a simple culture for survival; however, as human cultures grew, civilizations formed. A civilization is an intricate culture where large numbers of people contribute a variety of traditional components. Historians came up with seven basic characteristics of civilization. The seven are as follows: an urban focus, new political and military structures, a new social structure based on economic power, the development of more complexity in a material sense, a distinct religious structure, the development of writing, and new significant artistic and intellectual activity (Pg.8). Urban focus was when cities became the centers for political, economic, social, cultural, and religious development (Pg.8). The first creators of a Mesopotamian civilization where the Sumerians. By 3000 B.C.E, they had created a large amount of independent cities in southern Mesopotamia. Once the cities began to expand, they began to use political and economic control over the nearby country sides (pg.10-11). New political and military structures organized government bureaucracy to meet the administrative commands of the rising population. Armies where also being made to gain land and power for defense. In Sumerian society, kings had power. The kinds where the ones to organize the armies workers. The army, government bureaucracy, and the priest and priestesses all aided the kings in their rule (pg.11). Another characteristic of the civilization…
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