New Spain Essay

1059 WordsMar 14, 20145 Pages
Makenzie Lynd February 10, 2014 HIST 17A Jackman The Colonies of New Spain In the decades after 1519, the Spaniards created the distinctive colonial society of New Spain. Through this paper I will discuss the features of this new society, how it benefitted the Spanish, and its toll on the native populations using evidence and facts found in out textbook, The American Promise: A Concise History and an article from the Economist Newspaper titled, Americas:1519: The Conquest. It started in the sixteenth century when the New World helped Spain become the most powerful monarchy in both Europe and the Americas. Then there was the conquest of Mexico that ended greatly for the powerful Spain but not so much the native people of Mexico. This…show more content…
Many Catholic missionaries believed that God expected them to save the Indians’ souls by convincing them to abandon their old sinful beliefs and to embrace the one true Christian faith. After baptizing tens of thousands of Indians, the missionaries learned that many Indians continued to worship their own gods. Over time, encomenderos were far more interested in what the Indians could do for them than what they or missionaries could do for the Indians. Gold was not the most important treasure the Spanish got out of the New World, uncompensated Indian labor was. The Spanish took over the land and people of the New World as their own not thinking about how it would affect the Indians, who were already there. It was almost as if they treated them as if they were animals and not people. There are a few quotes even in our textbook, The American Promise, expressing the Spanish’s feelings toward the Indians. One Spaniard states, “Everything they (the Indians) do is slowly done by compulsion. They are malicious, lying, (and) thievish.” A missionary put it; the Indians “are more stupid than Asses and refuse to improve anything. These beliefs and feelings toward the Indians cause the Spaniards to not only use the Indians for labor but often used violence to punish and intimidate uncooperative Indians. It took a few missionaries who were horrified at the brutal mistreatment of the Indians to speak up about the wrong
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