New Zealand Based Individual Nicotine Replacement Therapy And Population Level Tobacco Essay

2716 WordsMay 19, 201511 Pages
The following literature review will be focussed on both New Zealand-based individual nicotine replacement therapy and population level tobacco taxation attempts in addressing nicotine addiction through tobacco (cigarette) smoking. It will achieve this through special focus on ethnic minority groups such as Māori and Pacific Island populations, as well as low socio-economic populations who engage in smoking cigarettes and are affected disproportionally. Through this, the review will aim to describe and explain the addiction, as well as its’ impact on society. It will also critically evaluate the limitations and effectiveness of past responses and interventions that have been implemented to reduce the prevalence of addicted smokers in New Zealand. Through the analysis of literature, one can determine the history of nicotine dependence and past interventions to address the issue, in order to examine the effectiveness of specific individual and population-based interventions. Likewise, literature highlights the effects on the individual user as well as wider society and presents an over-arching issue of ethnic disparities of prevalence and widening affects on inequality gaps between minority groups such as Māori and Pacific populations compared to European groups. European settlers introduced tobacco to the Māori early during colonization throughout the 1800’s, where it was a common trade commodity and negative impacts on health were unknown, it is likely that this is the

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