Essay on Newborn Mortality Rates In Ghana And The United States Today

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Newborn Mortality Rates in Ghana and the United States Today Introduction It is frequently been suggested that the infant mortality rate (IMR) is a reliable indicator of a country's civilization and focus on the welfare of its citizens (Berger 2001). Although global infant mortality rates has shown steady improvement over the past century, many developing countries continue to experience inordinately high rates compared to the world levels; surprisingly, though, even the United States which claims to have one of the best healthcare systems in the world continues to experience relatively high infant mortality rates, higher even than many developing nations (Berger 2001). This paper will provide an overview of the problem, followed by…show more content…
This has translated into an overall decline of almost 90 percent (Berger 2001). The majority of this decline in the IMR has been attributed to improvements related to urban living (for example, sanitation, pasteurization, improved water and sewage, reduced fertility rates, and improved economic and educational levels), followed by improved technological and public health strategies (Berger 2001). Infant mortality rates have declined sharply in most developing countries in the past several decades, just as they did earlier in the developed countries. The reductions in the IMR also resulted from improvements in the prevention and treatment of diarrhea, which is a major killer of infants in poor socioeconomic conditions (Zopf 1992). Infant Mortality in Ghana. While Ghana is relatively small in area and population, the nation is one of the leading countries of Africa, due in part because of its considerable natural wealth, and because it was the first black African country south of the Sahara to achieve independence from colonial rule and to embark on its own extensive educational and industrialization programs. Ghana became independent on March 6, 1957, and is comprised of the former British colony of the Gold Coast and that part of Togoland which was formerly a UN Trust Territory under British administration (Fage 2004). The current infant mortality rates for Ghana are

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