Next Came The Third Generation In 1963; In This Generation,

1681 WordsApr 25, 20177 Pages
Next came the third generation in 1963; in this generation, the computer became smaller, more influential, and more reliable and it was able to run lots diverse programs at the same time. Transistors were reduced and placed on silicon chips, called semiconductors, which hugely increased the speed and productivity of computers. Also, it 's much smaller and cheaper compared to the second generation computers. "Because of the various improvements to the development of the computer we have seen the computer being used in all areas of life. It is a very useful tool that will continue to experience new development as time passes" ( computerhistory.org). Konrad Zuse, was a German civil engineer who created the first programmable, digital computer…show more content…
It was the first program-controlled electromechanical digital computer" (nndb.com), and the first really functional modern computer. In 1945- 1946, the first high-level software design language that could put any language to practical use, and he designed a chess game. Next, he established Engineer Office Hopferau. The first portable computer was IMB 5100 in 1975, "The computer weighed 55 pounds and had a five-inch CRT display, tape drive, 1.9MHz PALM processor, and 64KB of RAM. In the picture is an ad of the IBM 5100 taken from a November 1975 issue of Scientific America".( computerhope.com) Adam Osborne had developed the computer to be 24.5 pounds weighed, and had a five inch display, for the memory its 64 KB, with two floppy drives; including all that is a modem, and cost US $1,795C. Then Apple started to create the first computer called the Apple I with a single-circuit board that initially sold for $666.66 on April 1, 1976, by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak. In 1977, "Jobs and Wozniak incorporate Apple and show the Apple II at the first West Coast Computer Faire. It offers color graphics and incorporates an audio cassette drive for storage." (Kim Ann Zimmermann) Acorn was the first personal computer that presented Microsoft 's operating system with two elastic disks and an optional color display. The first personal laptop, and ready to marketed was a Gavilan SC in 1983. Computers trigger economic growth in
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