Nietzsche's Revaluation of All Values

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Nietzsche's Revaluation of All Values In the nineteenth century, popular philosophy - particularly the Hegelian dialectic - professed that mankind was developing in an upward direction, becoming more angelic as it were. Man's moral laws were more advanced, as support for democracy and equal rights were beginning to become popular. However, Friedrich Nietzsche believed that mankind was entering a downward spiral towards complete decadence. Modern man, with its "advanced" morality, was, in truth, decaying on the inside. Claims of morality merely masked modern man's decay: he is veiled behind moral formulas and concepts of decency…. [not] to mask human malice and villainy…. [but] it is precisely as tame animals that we are a shameful…show more content…
Nietzsche's favourite examples of decadent values were altruistic. An ‘altruistic' morality, a morality under which egoism languishes - is under all circumstances a bad sign…. [because] to choose what is harmful to oneself, to be attracted by ‘disinterested' motives, almost constitutes the formula for decadence. [TI "Expeditions of an Untimely Man" 35] In demonstrating the harmful effects of altruism, he attached little value to pity because "pity, insofar as it really causes suffering … is a weakness, like every losing of oneself through a harmful affect" (D 134). Pity promotes nothing of value, instead this depressive and contagious instinct thwarts those instincts bent on preserving and enhancing the value of life: both as a multiplier of misery and as a conservator of everything miserable it is one of the chief instruments for the advancement of decadence. [AC 7] Nietzsche believed that pity came from a mistaken notion that suffering is evil. However, "the discipline of suffering, of great suffering - do you not know that only this discipline has created all enhancements of man so far?" (BGE 225) Pity alters great suffering into pathetic group misery that has no value. Other values are decadent due to their universal requirement. Chastity, for example, is harmful to some: not a few who sought to drive out their devil entered into the swine
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