Nietzsche's critique of Plato and Christianity

2437 WordsOct 2, 201310 Pages
Essay No. 1: Write an essay on one of the thinkers covered in the unit so far (i.e. weeks 2-6). Essay question: Assess the major contributions of your chosen thinker to our understanding of the human condition. Due Date: 16/9/13 Number of Words: 2,150 “God is dead. God remains dead. And we have killed him. Yet his shadow still looms. How shall we comfort ourselves, the murderers of all murderers?” (Nietzsche, 1882, 1887, s. 125).This is one of many renowned and influential quotes devised by the prolific German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche. A lover of Greek myths and a philologist by trade, Nietzsche expounded his controversial philosophy with an iron fist criticizing Platonism,…show more content…
Only by doing this can it be possible to enter the realm of the ubermenschen (overman) and realise one’s highest ideal. Taking control and holding responsibility over one’s own state on both a social and individual level is, in Nietzsche’s view, integral to the human condition. Nietzsche argues that Christianity is repressive, sanctimonious and provides too much solace which prevents one from living an ideal life. The conditions inherent in Christianity thwarts man’s desire to live an instinctual, free and creative life where man can exercise his will to power. Instead he says, the “Christian faith from the beginning, is sacrifice. The sacrifice of all freedom, all pride, all self-confidence of spirit, it is at the same time subjection, self-derision, and self-mutilation” (Nietzsche,1886 , p.45). He sees it as being out of touch with reality and irrelevant and cautions us to at the least question its morals and teachings and not being a blind, following sheep, or in Nietzsche’s lexicon, a ‘herdman’. Radically, Nietzsche took the power from God and attributed it instead to mankind. Nietzsche’s proposal “the real philosophers of Greece are those before Socrates” (1888, p. 437) clearly demonstrates his stance and attitude towards Platonism. Nietzsche, as a philologist, was enamoured with the ancient Greeks, their freedom, unbridled and unrestrained passions and their pledge for an instinctual,

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