Nigeria is located on the western coast of Africa, surrounded by Benin, Cameroon, and Niger. This country is known to have one of the largest populations among the African countries. Falola (3) says that not only it has large population, but also its land size is a little bigger than the size of the U.S. state of Texas. Nigeria has about 170 million residences which is about half of current population in United States. In other words, Nigeria has a very dense population regarding its size of land. Within 170 million people, there are twelve dominant ethnic groups, such as Yoruba, Hausa, Igbo, Fulani and etc., and about 200 more distinct ethnic groups are present. Therefore, hundreds of different languages are also used in Nigeria. Lastly,…show more content…
Cultivation of root crops is practiced by the central part of Nigeria, while cultivation of cereal crops are practiced in Northern savannah region (Gordon, 2003).
Furthermore, Nigeria, at first, was involved in the slave trade for mutual beneficial interaction. But as time went by, the mutual beneficial interaction changed to one-sided trade; it only benefited the several societies with wealth and power, but destroyed the other groups of society. But later in 1800s, the slave trade was abolished (Gordon 2003). According to Graham, in 1884 British colonized Nigeria officially at the Berlin Conference. British used force and violence to control Nigeria. Although there were riots by Nigerians, all of them were suppressed (Graham 2009). Meanwhile, British practiced in indirect rule of Nigeria; British colonization changed many aspects of Nigeria including language, education, religion, economy, transportation, and etc. So this Legacy paper will discuss about the legacy of Nigeria on religion, economy, and demographic followed by British Colonization.
Nigeria has two major religions, which are Islam and Christianity. Fifty percent of populations believe in Islam, forty percent of populations believe in Christianity. Christianity is one of the legacies that British had left. Gordon said that religion was one of the ways for Nigerians used to resolve political, economic, and social