Nigeria Civil Service Reforms Since Independence Till Date..

5545 Words Dec 28th, 2012 23 Pages
ABSTRACT
This write up will critically access Nigeria's experience with civil service reforms from independence till date. It first highlights civil service reform programs attempted by various pre and post-independence Nigerian governments. Within this context I will addresses key issues, challenges, and factors that impeded implementation of previous civil service reform programs. Next, I will explore future policy directions for enhancing the design and implementation of a sustainable civil service reform program. I will conclude by recapitulating the key policy reform measures essential for bringing about a sustainable civil service process and improving the future effectiveness and performance of the civil service.
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In 1952, the colonial government set up the Phillipson-Adebo Commission to review the phase of the Nigerianization process. By the time the commission submitted its report two years later, the 1954 constitution had declared Nigeria as a federation, thus shifting attention from issues and concerns about Nigerianization to regionalization of the country's civil service. The civil service in 1990 consisted of the federal civil service, the twenty-one autonomous state civil services, the unified local government service, and several federal and state government agencies, including parastatals and corporations. The federal and state civil services were organized around government departments, or ministries, and extra ministerial departments headed by ministers (federal) and commissioners (state), who were appointed by the president and governors, respectively. These political heads were responsible for policy matters. The administrative heads of the ministry were the directors general, formerly called permanent secretaries. The "chief" director general was the secretary to the government and until the Second Republic also doubled as head of the civil service. As chief adviser to the government, the secretary conducted liaison between the government and the civil service.
The major function of the director general, as of all senior civil servants, was to advise the minister or the commissioner directly. In doing so, the
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