Niue is a country in the South Pacific Ocean with an estimated population of 1,190. Since 1974,
1800 WordsApr 23, 20198 Pages
Niue is a country in the South Pacific Ocean with an estimated population of 1,190. Since 1974, it has been self-governing in free association with New Zealand.  Niue controls its own internal affairs, while New Zealand retains responsibility for its defence and external relations and is required to provide necessary economic and administrative assistance.
Niue does not have a Bill of Rights guaranteeing fundamental rights or freedom from discrimination. Law relevant to human rights can be found in various pieces of ordinary legislation. Areas of concern include the rights of women, children, and persons who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT).
The Government of Niue
1 Legal framework…show more content…
Its initial report under the Convention on the Rights of the Child was due in 1998, but not submitted until 2010.
Niue is not subject to the Universal Periodic Review process as it is not a member state of the United Nations.
The Niue Constitution Act 1974 sets out provisions for Niue's self-government. The Constitution of Niue, contained in Schedules 1 (Niuean) and 2 (English), is supreme law. It prescribes the powers and functions of the executive, legislative and judicial branches of Government. Aside from the right to vote, it does not provide for any fundamental rights.
Previously, Article 31 of Schedule 2 set out special rules for proposed legislation which could impact upon human rights. This required the Chief Justice to be invited to comment on the legal, constitutional, and policy issues where a Bill or proposed amendment affected such matters as criminal procedure, definitions of criminal offences, marriage, the