Noam Chomsky's Universal Grammar

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INTRODUCTION Based on the discussion of the validity of Noam Chomsky’s perception of Universal Grammar (UG), some past & current researches which maintain & contest Chomsky’s UG from different areas are represented. The essay focuses on: 1) Chomsky’s Universal Grammar in brief, in Second Language Acquisition (SLA) context; 2) Evidences supporting Chomsky’s UG - views offered by linguists such as Williams and White, etc, to provide arguments to support UG pertaining to first language acquisition and second language acquisition; 3) Evidences refuting Chomsky’s UG - according to Piaget and Haspelmath, etc, based on the insufficient assumption of SLA and also biological evolutions;…show more content…
By whatever process we come to know languages, and whatever different things we come to know depending on whether we learn Rumanian, Chinese, or Hindi, knowledge of any language includes universal grammar, for example structure dependence. UG, therefore, is part of the knowledge that resides in the human mind of a person who knows a language. The science of linguistics tries to ascertain what constitutes universal grammar and what beyond universal grammar differentiates languages from one another. I-linguists study expressions in particular languages to uncover basic principles which sometimes have a limited range of flexibility. For example, in this case, UG says languages must be head-first or head-last but different languages can choose which, though, having done so, they must then form all their phrases in accord. The basic principle and the subsequent choice between options have impact that ripples through all kinds of sentences. Another discovery which I-linguists also unearth is what is called the "principle" which says that the lexicon of usable words in a language includes information about how each word behaves
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