Non Pharmacological Approach for Depression and Other Disorders, Different Illness

1474 Words 6 Pages
Non Pharmacological Approach for Depression and Other Disorders

Brain stimulation therapies:
Brain stimulation therapies are non pharmacological method which involves activating or touching the brain directly with electricity, magnets, or implants to treat depression and other disorders. Among many techniques, electroconvulsive therapy is the most researched stimulation therapy.
Other stimulation therapies discussed here includes
 Vagus nerve stimulation
 repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation
 magnetic seizure therapy
 Deep brain stimulation.

The latter methods are newer and more theoretical.

1. Electroconvulsive therapy


Introduction:
It is a non pharmacological standard psychiatric treatment in which seizures are electrically induced in patients and thus the treatment is done.
ECT is reserved for cases of treatment resistant cases of major depressive disorder, schizophrenia, mania and catatonia
First developed in 1938, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) did not gain popularity in the beginning. However, the procedure has improved significantly since its initial use and is safe and effective.



Source: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/brain-stimulation-therapies/brain-stimulation-therapies.shtml
Uses:
It is used for the following purposes such as
• Severe, treatment-resistant depression
• Bipolar disorder
• Schizophrenia.
• Suicidal patients
• Severe depression.

Pre-requisite:

• Before ECT is administered, a…