Non Suicidal Self Injury Is Defined By The Article

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Non-suicidal self-injury is defined by the article as “the deliberate, direct, and self-inflicted destruction of body tissue resulting in immediate tissue damage, for purposes not socially sanctioned and without suicidal intent.” There are as many as twenty forms of self-injury, this term defining a spectrum of behaviors damaging the body. Up to 25% of youth participate or have participated in self-injury, whether it was only a few times or a continuous behavior. Although most people start self-injury around ages 14-16, some may begin earlier in middle childhood, or later in emerging adulthood. Most youth who participate in self-injury do not have suicidal intent, but rather are trying to sustain their life by giving themselves some “comfort.” However, those who self-injure or have a history of self-injury do have a higher risk of being suicidal. Individuals may self-injure for one or more of the following reasons: to calm down intense negative emotion; to evoke emotion when there is none; to punish oneself or provide a distraction; to attract attention or be part of a group. It is possible that people find self-injury to be satisfying because of chemicals produced in the body in response to injury. It is also possible that youth who self-injure do so because of high exposure to such behavior through the media. Studies have shown that self-injury can be contagious in that others may be influenced by the person practicing self-injury. During middle childhood, the young
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