Non-Verbal Communication and Attractiveness in the Courtroom

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Running Head: BEYOND WORDS Non-verbal Communication Attractiveness Background Ethological studies on non-linguistic communication suggested that the language of love is, indeed, universal (Givens, 1978). This non-linguistic or non-verbal communication is used in courtship, such as by facial expression, gesture, posture, distance, para-language, and gaze. Persons use these when symbolizing a desire for sexual relationship. This non-verbal form is considered more powerful the verbal form in expressing like, dislike, superiority, timidity, fear and other feelings or emotions (Bateson, 1966, 1968 as qtd in Givens). In fact, human courtship relies a great deal on these non-verbal signals, such as submissiveness and affiliation. A submissive-affiliative pose or gesture creates a peaceable or non-threatening image, which is aimed at attracting the sought-after mate. These studies investigated several familiar non-verbal cues used during flirtation, courtship, and seduction (Givens). Non-Verbal Communication and Attractiveness in the Courtroom Other studies found the connection and significance of this type of communication in five key areas in the court room (Remland, 1993). These key areas are the voire dire or a preliminary examination of prospective jurors by the judge; and jury analysis; opening and closing statements; client behavior and direct examination; cross examination, ad judge demeanor and communication. At the very start, legal practitioners should

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