Nonparental Child Care and Its Impact on Child Development

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Nonparental Child Care & Its Impact on Child Development LaTonya W. Boyd SOC 312 Instructor Steven Peters 11/28/11 The last century has brought about an increase in the female working populations. Included in this population are mothers who previously provided care for their pre-school aged children. Because of this drastic change, the need for non parental child care has also increased. In this paper, I will discuss the three types of non parental child care and their influence on the psychological, social and cognitive development of the children who attend. Child care is not a one-size-fit-all service. Because of this, families seek outside care for their children based on their needs, philosophy, knowledge, and…show more content…
These findings will differ based on the person’s philosophy conducting the study, the era in which it is conducted, and the parameters of the study. “Scientists like to think that they can provide useful answers to society 's pressing questions, but the truth is, some questions simply can 't be answered definitively by science. The question about the effects of daycare may be one of those questions” (Shpancer, 2010). .However, some facts can be used as a valid point of reference regarding child care influences. Many studies have been conducted regarding the impact on the psychological development of children in non parental care. “The cultural ideal still strongly favors maternal care of young infants and children” (Shpancer, 2010); however, this is not a luxury most parents can enjoy. Some studies show that children in home care with a relative, friend or sitter tend to have a stronger attachment relationship with the primary caregiver. They may experience a greater level of separation anxiety and are less self sufficient. These children may have issues transitioning into a formal school setting because they are used to being alone with one adult. Children exposed to family home care situations or center based care are said to sometimes experience insecure attachment. They may be indifferent to caregivers and exhibit aggression. However a review by Lamb and Ahnert of conducted studies indicate that “non
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