Normative Theory : The Pros And Cons Of The Normative Theory

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In the midst of this painstaking research, it is difficult, if not impossible, to disregard the presence of ‘normative theory’. Brown summarises the core of ‘normative theory’ as follows, “At its most basic it addresses the ethical nature of the relations between communities/states” (1992, p. 13). The emergence of ‘normative theory’ came after the relative failure of some theories and holistic failure of others to find a persuasive clarification and interpretation of what happened in the past and what is still happening in the present among states and communities. This unique appearance of ‘normative theory’ was a ‘double-edged sword’. On one hand, it complicated the endeavour of ‘normative theory’ to find a vacant place and proponents among many antique and robust existing theories. On the other hand, it simplified the function of the ‘normative approach’ to distinguish between the pros and cons of previous theories. At the same time, it derived some virtues from different existing theories, and eschewed the pitfalls that were committed by them. ‘Normative theory’, strived to provide an optimistic vision towards the present and future of the world with respect to international politics and affairs. Yet, this task is fraught with perils for two reasons: the first reason is the difficulty of achieving this purpose amid the proliferation of information as it is like looking for a needle in a haystack. The second reason is associated with the nature and crux of the focal

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