Notable Supreme Court Cases

Decent Essays
Throughout the history of the Supreme Court, there have been numerous notable court cases. However, none of these would have been possible without Maybury v. Madison. It occurred in 1803, when John Adams decided to appoint several justices at the last minute. Not all of these letters were delivered, and one of the judges, Maybury decided to sue Madison. Madison won, and this court case creates Judicial Review. In 1819, McCullogh v. Maryland took place. McCullogh, a business manager, is taxed twice, once at a state level, and once at a federal level. Thinking this is unjust, McCullogh sues Maryland and McCullogh wins. This court case declares national supremacy over banking. Another important court case, Gibbons v. Ogden, happened in 1824. Ogden controls a ferry business in New York. However, because of the Eerie Canal, Ogden can travel to other states, which would be interstate trade. Gibbons, a person also wanting to create an industry in transportation, decides to sue Ogden. Gibbons wins, and this case creates national supremacy over interstate trade. In 1854, Scott v. Sanford took place. Scott, a slave to the Emerson family, traveled to Minnesota with John Emerson. While there, his owner died and the court declared him free. However, at the Circuit of Appeals, it was ruled Scott was still property of the Emersons'. This decision stood, which declared that slaves are property. This was one infuriating cause of the Civil War. Plessy v. Ferguson occurred in 1896.
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