Notes On Leaders And Leaders

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Managers and Leaders Kotter and Zaleznik In this section, I will explore the similarities and differences between a manager and a leader with the help of theories developed by John Kotter and Abraham Zaleznik. According to Kotter managers and leaders share three main tasks: a. Deciding what needs to be done b. Creating networks of people and relationships capable of accomplishing agendas c. Trying to ensure that people do the required work However, Kotter argues that leaders and managers approach those tasks differently: The leadership process involves a. Developing a vision for the organisation b. Aligning people with that vision through communication c. Motivating people to action through empowerment and through basic need fulfilment In…show more content…
• Level 2: Contributing team member Contributes to the achievement of group objectives; works effectively with others in a group setting. • Level 3: Competent manager Organizes people and resources toward the effective and efficient pursuit of predetermined objectives. • Level 4: Effective leader Catalyses commitment to and vigorous pursuit of a clear and compelling vision; stimulates the group to high performance standards. • Level 5: Executive Builds enduring greatness through a paradoxical combination of personal humility plus professional will. Functions of Leadership Action centred leadership (John Adair) Action Centred Leadership (ACL) is a model developed by John Adair putting emphasis on the functions of leadership, moving away from what a leader is to what a leader does. Adair argues that the effectiveness of a leader depends on fulfilling three needs within a team • Individual: Helping individuals develop their full potential in the workplace • Task: Achieving a common goal • Team: Maintaining morale and cohesion between team members, so that it 's ever more effective The model states that leaders must balance the actions they take across all three areas if they want their team to succeed. The areas are interdependent; if a leader focuses too much on one area and neglects the other two, then the team will experience problems. A more detailed description of the three functions can be found in the following table: Workplace examples
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