Endometriosis affects 10% of reproductive-age women (Yale School of Medicine). It affects nearly 176 million women, ranging from 15-49, all over the world (World Endometriosis, 2011). “Endometriosis is an often painful disorder in which tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus — the endometrium — grows outside your uterus (endometrial implant) (Mayo Clinic, 2013)” It most commonly involves your ovaries and the lining of the pelvis, but in extreme cases can spread to other parts of the body. The displaced tissue continues to act like it normally would in the uterus, thickening and breaking down with each menstrual cycle. Since the displaced tissue has nowhere to go, it becomes trapped with no way to get out (Mayo Clinic, 2013).
Endometriosis is a common condition1 recognised by the growth of endometrial tissue outside of the uterus. This tissue is then found in a variety of sites such as the ovaries, the outside surface of the uterus, the cervix, the abdominal wall, the sigmoid colon and the urinary bladder.2 It is unknown what exactly causes endometriosis but it is thought to occur when some cells from the endometrium (the lining of the uterus) travel outside the uterus via the uterine tubes during a period3. Even outside the womb, these cells, will still respond to the presence of hormonal oestrogen each month and with each menstrual cycle the cells will multiply, swell and break down in similar fashion to the endometrial cells inside the uterus.2 As the cells are in the pelvic cavity rather than the uterus, they cannot escape during the period and instead form patches of tissue called
Endometriosis is a gynecological medical condition in which cells from the lining of the uterus (endometrium) appear and flourish outside the uterine cavity, most commonly on the membrane which lines the abdominal cavity. The uterine cavity is lined with endometrial cells, which are under the influence of female hormones. Endometrial-like cells in areas outside the uterus (endometriosis) are influenced by hormonal changes and respond in a way that is similar to the cells found inside the uterus. Symptoms often worsen with the menstrual cycle.
Fibroids are non-cancerous tumors of the uterus (womb). Fibroids grow out of the cells that make up your uterus. Uterine fibroids (also called myomas or leiomyomas) are benign (noncancerous) tumors of muscle tissue that can change the shape or size of the uterus and sometimes the cervix. They start in the smooth muscle cells inside the wall of the uterus (myometrium). Fibroids usually occur in the form of multiple tumors, although single fibroids are sometimes possible. Fibroids can be as small as a pea or as large as a football. Having uterine fibroids does not increase your risk of cancer. They are almost always benign, no matter how large they get.
Fibroids are abnormal (non cancerous) growths that develop in or on a woman’s uterus which appear during childbearing years. At least 20% of the women by the age of 30 and 70- 80 % by the age of 50 have fibroids in their uterus. But most females don’t know that they have fibroids because often they cause no symptoms. Fibroids range in size from seedlings undetectable by the human eye to bulky masses which can distort and enlarge the uterus.
Uterine Leiomyomas (also known as fibroids) are the monoclonal tumors originating from the smooth muscle cells of the myometrium. They are the most common benign pelvic tumor affecting upto 70% of women in their reproductive age. They are known to cause morbidity rather than mortality and are the leading cause of hysterectomy in the United States.
Endometriosis happens when endometrial tissue that normally lines inside appears outside the uterus. This case causes the pain in the pelvic. Endometriosis can also develop fertility problem.
A gynecologist deals specifically with women's health. This can be anything from birth control to hysterectomies. There are many things that can come up in the health of a woman. The reproductive system is a major part of a woman's health, and it is important that it is well-cared for. Sometimes women have personal,
There is many reasons why people have infertility. One of the many is Endometriosis, which is a disease that affects many women during their reproductive age. This disease is associated with pelvic pain. A ton of modern medicine is now offering women with this debilitating disease treatment options for relief from both the pain and infertility. A committee opinion from the American for Reproductive Medicine stated, “Treatment of Endometriosis in the setting of infertility raises a number of complex clinical questions that do not have simple answers.”(Brown 1) To further explain what Endometriosis is, this terrible disease involves growth of tissue that looks like the endometrium in places outside the uterus.
Uterine Fibroids are non-cancerous growths that develops in the myometrium layer of the uterus. A single cell divides repeatedly, eventually creating a firm, rubbery mass distinct from nearby tissue (EA, 2013). There are different types of growth patterns to uterine fibroids. Sometimes they are small and in some cases they are extremely large. Woman between the ages of 30-and 40 years old are more at risk of developing uterine fibroids. They develop mostly in the child bearing years of a woman’s life. African American women have a greater risk of developing uterine fibroids at a younger age than any other race. Uterine fibroids are also called leiomyomas or myomas. Uterine Fibroids can develop on the inside or outside of the uterus.
Uterine fibroid, otherwise called myomas or leiomyomas, happen in twenty to forty percent of ladies more established than 35. To be sure, prove from dissections proposes that up to half of ladies have fibroid tumors, a significant number of whom never know it.
Selecting the female reproductive system to present was slightly awkward with me being a male. In addition to having to have a presentation in a public forum having to provide visual aids of the female reproductive system to my fellow classmates. I didn’t look forward to that at all. With that being said, I moved forward with my research on the pathologies of the female reproductive system. I did not take long at all to recognize some familiar terminology related to the pathological anomalies of the female reproductive system that I was familiar with. Pathological terminology such as Fibroids (tissue overgrowth) and Endometriosis (pain in the uterine lining).
Leiomyomas is a benign tumour that originates from stem cells of smooth muscle cells in myometrium. The major causes of uterine fibrosis could be genetics, hormones, environmental factors or it could be due to other growth factors (Rice, Secrist, Woodrow, Hallock & Neal, 2012). Many uterine fibroids have different gene