Notes On The Generation Effect

1938 Words8 Pages
The Generation Effect
Christopher J Gonzaba
Texas A&M University

Abstract
Generation effect tests whether people remember information better when they participate and generate the word rather than just reading them. In our study we used a lexical decision task to test the spreading activation. Twelve undergraduate students from Texas A&M participated. Some of the trails consisted of two related-words and some consisted of two unrelated-words. Two main effects were used; between-subjects and within-subjects. Task type represented by between-subjects showed whether those who generated words generated information better than non-generated words. The within-subjects suggested whether rule type affect generated words and
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Memory storage implies putting that information into either short-term or long-term memory. Sensory memory is another type of memory but since it is less than one second memory storage has no use. Short-term and long-term memory decide whether we are able to retrieve the information or not (Mastin, 2010).
Sensory and short-term memory is less than one minute of storage and because of that they have no use for explicit and implicit memory. Both are found and used to breakdown long-term memory. Explicit memory is the use of conscious thinking for the use of recall of important facts or events. Implicit memory is the opposite; it is the use of unconscious thinking of information and reaction. For example, texting, walking, or writing, on does not simply stop to think how to preform those actions (McLeod, 2007).
To further breakdown explicit and implicit memory we use declarative and procedural memory. Declarative memory corresponds with explicit memory because it engages in conscious thinking to recall factual information. Procedural memory corresponds with implicit memory because it is the basic repetition of facts that do not take much into consideration. Declarative memory is broken down in episodic and semantic memory. Episodic memory helps the retrieval of facts, events, or experiences in ones life. Semantic memory recollects general facts and concepts that one can typically think of off the top of their head (Mastin, 2010). Memory plays a
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