Notes on Chapter Two- Does the Center Hold? Essay

1166 Words Feb 28th, 2012 5 Pages
Truth Is Beauty, Beauty Is Truth
Rationalist Epistemology

Epistemology * Theory of knowledge; often provokes big questions on the meaning and justifications of conventional knowledge. * Ex; What is knowledge? Can we know anything for certain? What are the limitations of what we know? * Socrates began to question the usual perceptions of knowledge, advocating for a clearer picture than common sense allowed.

The Philosophy of Plato * You cannot claim to know something if you cannot claim to believe it as well. * Belief is not the only requirement for knowledge, truth is also required. * You need to be able to communicate what you know. * Real life application: We often do not believe what
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* However, questioning how we can know sensible objects involves complex questioning. Can anyone know a true object? This leads to issues of elitism. Concepts * We leave the world of belief and accept conceptual perceptions in a move toward understanding the “intelligible realm”. * We use scientific theories to understand events beyond what our imaginations can often handle, ie; Newton’s theories on attraction of masses. * Plato does not consider this the highest form of knowledge. * Real life application: Often times, in biology class, I find myself letting go of my bigger questions- the why, or the how, in order to grasp the watered down concepts that are still so hard to understand. I do because I accept the theories of scientists and mathematicians like Newton as sufficient knowledge to form a building block from which I can grow my understanding of the topic.

Forms
These are higher truths, archetypes of everything in the visible world, including the non-physical concepts. * Not physical or mental. * Eternal and unchanging, yet dependent on a Super-Form, “the Good”, which establishes a true reality and holds true the center of Platonic reasoning, so it is not absolutely real. * We can only grasp the Forms if we leave behind our senses and images that are contaminated with our own physicality. * Plato believed there was an ultimate universal element to beauty that could be understood formulaically. *
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