Notes on Colonialism and Imperialism

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Chapter 33 Notes * Foundations of empire * Motives of imperialism * Modern imperialism * Refers to domination of industrialized countries over subject lands * Domination achieved through trade, investment, and business activities * Two types of modern colonialism * Colonies ruled and populated by migrants * Colonies controlled by imperial powers without significant settlement * Economic motives of imperialism * European merchants and entrepreneurs made personal fortunes * Overseas expansion for raw materials: rubber, tin, copper, petroleum * Colonies were potential markets for industrial products * Political motives * Strategic purpose: harbors and supply stations for industrial…show more content…
* Island plantations produced sugarcane, copra, guano * The emergence of new imperial powers * U.S. imperialism in Latin America and the Pacific * The Monroe Doctrine, 1823: proclamation by U.S. president James Monroe * Opposed European imperialism in the Americas; justified U.S. intervention * United States purchased Alaska from Russia in 1867 * Hawaii became a protectorate in 1875, formally annexed in 1898 * The Spanish-American War (1898-99) * United States defeated Spain and took over Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam, and Philippines * United States backed Filipino revolt against Spain, purchased and took over the colony *
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