Nuclear Energy Is A Threat Weapon Of Mass Destruction

1641 Words7 Pages
Introduction It all started in the 1940’s, when two atomic bombs, “Fat Man” and “Little Boy” were dropped onto innocent Japanese civilians in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. After the aftermath of the catastrophic attacks, nuclear energy was being rebranded as a clean and safe energy option for a brighter future. The country was split. On one hand, nuclear energy was the key to a more green future, but on the other hand, it was a potential weapon of mass destruction. Today, over 439 nuclear reactors are operating in 31 countries. The energy from these plants provide more than 14% of the world’s electricity. What is Nuclear Energy? Atoms are the basic building block for almost everything in the universe. They consist of a nucleus, made up of protons and neutrons, and an electron cloud surrounding it. When the bonds holding the nucleus together are broken through nuclear fission, tremendous energy is unleashed; this is nuclear energy. During nuclear fission, a neutron collides with a uranium atom and splits, discharging huge amounts of energy in the form of radiation and heat. Additional neutrons are also released when a uranium atom splits and they go on to hit even more uranium atoms; this starts a nuclear chain reaction. Nuclear chain reactions are measured in a nuclear power plant to control the amount of heat produced. Most power plants use a special type of uranium, called U-235, for nuclear fission because its atoms are easily split apart. While normal uranium is about a
Open Document