Nuclear Energy Vs. Renewable Energy

1102 WordsApr 3, 20165 Pages
Since the discovery of nuclear energy, it has remained the most powerful energy source to this day. Despite its superiority in energy efficiency and safety to the environment, fossil fuels are the dominant source of energy in the United States. This paper will analyze developments nuclear energy has made, the factors that contribute to its superiority over other energy sources, and controversies that have inhibited its growth in usage in the United States. In addition, it will compare nuclear energy to fossil fuels and other renewable and nonrenewable energy sources and express the reasons that contribute to its advantages. Lastly, it will examine the different types of nuclear energy and their advantages and disadvantages. The thesis is: “To resolve the problems posed by fossil fuel energy, America should recommit to energy provided by nuclear fission as its main energy source due to its cleanliness and efficiency.” There are two methods to generating nuclear power. The first and only method currently attainable is nuclear fission. Nuclear fission is a process in which the nucleus of a Uranium-235 isotope absorbs neutrons and thus splits into smaller fragments, including approximately 2.5 nuclei, which spur a self-sustaining chain reaction and continue the process in other nuclei, alongside a massive release of energy (Funk & Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia). In the most common type of nuclear reactor, Light Water Reactors, (LWR), the uranium oxide gas heats up water,

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