Nuclear Engineering

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Nuclear engineering is the practical application of the breakdown of atomic nuclei and/or other sub-atomic physics, based on the principles of nuclear physics. It includes, but is not limited to, the interaction and maintenance of nuclear fission systems and components— specifically, nuclear reactors, nuclear power plants, and/or nuclear weapons. The field may also include the study of nuclear fusion, medical and other applications of (generally ionizing) radiation, nuclear safety, heat/thermodynamics transport, nuclear fuel and/or other related (e.g., waste disposal) technology, nuclear proliferation, and the effect of radioactive waste or radioactivity in the environment.

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1 Typical Training
1.1 College preparation
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The research at ITER will primarily focus on instabilities and diverter design refinement. Researchers in the USA are also building an inertial confinement experiment called the National Ignition Facility or NIF. NIF will be used to refine neutron transport calculations for the US stockpile stewardship initiative.

NIF (National Ignition Facility) target chamber

ITER Tokamak Proposed Design

[edit] Nuclear Medicine and Medical Physics
An important field is nuclear medicine. From x-ray machines to MRI to PET,among many others, nuclear medicine provides most of modern medicine's diagnostic capability along with providing many treatment options.

X-Ray Image of a male skull

Magnetic Resonance Imaging scan of a head

PET taken with an ECAT Exact HR+ PET Scanner

[edit] Nuclear Materials and Nuclear Fuels
Nuclear materials research focuses on two main subject areas, nuclear fuels and irradiation-induced modification of materials. Improvement of nuclear fuels is crucial for obtaining increased efficiency from nuclear reactors. Irradiation effects studies have many purposes, from studying structural changes to reactor components to studying nano-modification of metals and semiconductors using ion-beams or particle accelerators.

Uranium ore, the principal raw material of nuclear fuel

Nuclear fuel pellets

A Focused ion beam

[edit] Radiation Measurements and Imaging
Nuclear engineers
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