Nuclear Power in Australia’s Energy Future Essays

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Since its discovery in the late 19th century, nuclear energy has been used in a diversity of areas such as atomic bombs, medicine, reducing pollution and food irradiation (Gupta, 2012). However, one of the biggest outcomes since this discovery is nuclear energy generation. This subject is largely controversial as it has many pros and cons. It is considered to be a more eco-friendly alternative source of electricity, as it emits less carbon emissions than coal-fired power stations, for example. Yet there still an environmental risk provided by the radio-active waste and its inability to be disposed of for 100,000 years (Phillips, 2012). Today in Australia there are no active nuclear power plants but that is predicted to change in the …show more content…
Since its discovery in the late 19th century, nuclear energy has been used in a diversity of areas such as atomic bombs, medicine, reducing pollution and food irradiation (Gupta, 2012). However, one of the biggest outcomes since this discovery is nuclear energy generation. This subject is largely controversial as it has many pros and cons. It is considered to be a more eco-friendly alternative source of electricity, as it emits less carbon emissions than coal-fired power stations, for example. Yet there still an environmental risk provided by the radio-active waste and its inability to be disposed of for 100,000 years (Phillips, 2012). Today in Australia there are no active nuclear power plants but that is predicted to change in the future with the growing demand for clean electricity. Nuclear energy is the best possible energy future for Australia.
Nuclear energy comes from the core/nucleus of an atom. The bonds that hold the nucleus together contain a large amount of energy which can be released when the bonds are broken. This release of energy is what creates electricity. There are two ways the energy can be released, either through fission or fusion (Energy Kids, 2014). Nuclear power plants use the method of fission which involves splitting atoms apart to form smaller atoms thereby creating heat energy. This process then triggers a chain reaction which is a process in which the released neutrons cause more fission reactions to take place in at least one more nucleus.
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