Nuclear Radiation and Fallout Effects

1158 WordsJun 21, 20185 Pages
The Fallout If a nuclear fallout were to occur, the earth would turn into a radiated wasteland. The earth would be essentially non-liveable, but it could be possible to survive. People, with the help of fallout shelters and bunkers, would be able to survive the initial attack and quite possibly live in the shelters until the radiation has dropped to a level in which they can survive. Now, the difference between a nuclear explosion and a convention explosion is that a nuclear explosion can be thousands, or even millions of times more powerful than the largest conventional detonations. There are a few different places a nuclear weapon can erupt at. These explosions are called air, high-altitude, underwater, underground, and surface…show more content…
Bunkers and shelters all over the world would be packed with as many people as they can fit and some would be overrun with hoards of people trying to get in. The world would panic and do what they think would help them survive. The initial attack of a nuclear weapon would be catastrophic. The blast of these bombs would cause massive destruction. City areas would be completely destroyed by overpressures of 5 psi. These explosions can produce around an overpressure of 50 psi. If an explosion occurs above ground, the blast wave is reflected off the ground, causing a second wave to follow the first. Behind the blast wave comes the thermal radiation; two pulses of thermal radiation emerge from the explosion. The first pulse consists of radiation in the ultraviolet region, and the second pulse carries around ninety-nine percent of the thermal radiation energy. Along with the thermal radiation is the fireball, an extremely hot and spherical mass of air, which occurs in less than one millionth of a second of detonation and continues to grow in size. The fireball will grow and cool down, then the vapors condense to create a cloud containing solid particles of the weapons debris. This cloud is widely know as “The Mushroom Cloud”. In some conditions, the many fires created by the explosion can turn into a massive fire known as a “Firestorm”.
Open Document