Nursing Paradigms And The Pragmatic Perspective

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Nursing Paradigms and the Pragmatic Perspective Historically, the nursing discipline has borrowed its basis for knowledge and practice from other disciplines (Weaver & Olson, 2006). Today, inquiry specific to nursing is continually changing and growing, as nurses are increasingly interested in developing their own unique body of knowledge. This interest results partially from the emergence of nursing paradigms in recent years. According to Weaver & Olson (2006), paradigms are practices and beliefs that manage our knowledge by proving a framework with which to utilize within our profession, and to guide nursing research. A paradigm shapes our quest for epistemological awareness (Weaver & Olson, 2006). Examples of paradigms common within nursing are empirical, interpretive, and critical paradigms. While each paradigm is unique with sometimes competing focuses, each contributes greatly to nursing knowledge, practice, and research. Using each of the paradigms interchangeably ensures the nurse is practicing in a holistic manner. Thus, the truly holistic nurse would practice from a pragmatic perspective. In order to provide optimal care, the nurse must develop an awareness of the fluidity of patient care, and test each theory within their practice to determine its usability. This article discusses the various paradigms, providing examples of each ones contributions to practice, and presents the implications of practicing in a pragmatic paradigm from an oncology
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