Nursing Theories Of A Nursing Theory

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A nursing theory can be defined as the concepts and assumptions used to explain, predict and control the practice of nursing. These theories provide a systematic view of the profession by organizing the relationships between all of the phenomena (i.e. events, people, and actions) that are associated with practice (Current Nursing, 2012). Nursing theories serve multiple purposes within the profession such as indicating the direction in which the practice will advance over time by predicting future relationships and occurrences. They establish the foundations for behavior and knowledge by explaining the practice through the models presented and the detailed descriptions of nursing phenomena. In addition, these theories can help distinguish the professional boundaries needed in practice to maintain a respectful and ethical relationship between patients and healthcare professionals. Nursing theories also have the ability to portray nursing in multiple lights to fit the situation at hand. This ability stems from the multiple categories of theories that each address a distinct part of practice. For example “outcome” theories focus on the end goal for the patient’s recovery and describe the nurse as the force behind coping and adaptation, while “interaction” theories focus on the patient’s mental state and describes nurses as a positive relationship (Current Nursing, 2012). One of the more widely known “outcome” theories is the Adaptation Model presented by Sister Callista Roy in

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