Nursing Theory Essay

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RUNNING HEAD: NURSING THEORY Nursing Theory: Explanation and Relevance to Nursing Practices Katherine Lott Azusa Pacific University Theoretical Foundations for Nursing UNRS 306 Professor Cone May 20, 2009 Merriam Webster defines the word "theory" as "a belief, policy, or procedure proposed or followed as the basis of action." There are various categories of theories accepted and practiced throughout the world and throughout professional practices today. One example of a type of theory is a nursing theory. However, some might not be fully aware of what a nursing theory entails, examples of such, and the relevance of nursing theories. This paper will explain these matters. What is a nursing theory? A nursing theory is an…show more content…
They provide a framework to develop new and validate current knowledge. They help to describe, explain, predict and prescribe. Nursing Theory is used to define commonalities of the variables in a stated field of inquiry, guide nursing research and actions, predict practice outcomes, and predict client response. Theory is used to describe, explain, predict and prescribe (Parker, 2006). The nursing theories that are available today all have good reasoning to their practices. Each one individualizes the needs of the patients and what should be done to provide care for each patient. However, in my recent research of nursing theorists I have been interested in the theory by Patricia Benner. Her book titled From Novice to Expert explains Benner's view that caring is a necessary component in the theory of skill acquisition. She describes nursing as an "enabling condition of connection and concern" (Marriner-Tomey, 1989, p.192) which implies a high level of emotional involvement in the nurse-patient relationship (Benner, 1984). Benner speaks of the "power" of caring and describes the caring role as involving the concepts of transformative power, integrative caring, advocacy, healing power, participative/affirmative power, and problem solving (Benner, 1984). She takes a stand in her belief that that nursing care is more than the application of mere skill; it is relational and

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