Nursing Workload And Their Association With Patient Safety And Nursing Environments

993 WordsOct 29, 20144 Pages
Introduction This paper explores several published journals that report on results conducted from research on nursing workload and its association with patient safety and nursing environments. Cimiotti et el (2012) suggest based on an extensive review of 42 articles, evidence shows that nurse staffing in the form of nurse-patient ratios and hours of nursing care have been implicated in the spread of infection. Duffield et el (2009) suggest that nurse staffing, unstable nursing unit environments were linked to negative patient outcomes including falls and errors in medication dosage calculation. This paper examines Carayon and Gurses’(2008) research in relation to several other journals to suggest that nursing workload should be emphasized on in order to fully understand its impact on patient safety. Background Workload is a problem for Canadian health care system. Nurses are experiencing heavier workload than ever. Increased demand for nurses, nursing shortages, the aging Canadian population, and reduction in the length of patient stay due to poor and inadequate funding pose challenges for the delivery of safe nursing care to patients. Research shows that heavy nursing workload adversely affects both the patient and nurse safety. Moreover, increased workload affects nursing job satisfaction, increases burnout which contributes to high turnover and nursing shortage. In order to deliver healthy and safe patient care, nurse workload should be brought to attention as a major
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