Nursing as Put Forward by the American Nurses Association

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Describe the definition of nursing as put forward by the American Nurses Association. How does it address the metaparadigm theories of nursing? The ANA defines nursing as “the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations” The above ANA definition of Nursing focuses on the holistic health care of individual, families , communities and population which is achieved through many therapies and techniques, that protects, promotes and optimizes health and abilities. With the wide availability of health care services, through…show more content…
Orlando’s Nursing Process Discipline Theory explains that the role of the nurse is to find out and meet the patient’s immediate needs for help. The patients’ presenting behavior might be a cry for help. However, the help the patient needs may not be what it appears to be. Because of this, nurses have to use their own perception, thoughts about perception, or the feeling engendered from their thoughts to explore the meaning of the patients’ behavior. This process helps nurses find out the nature of the patients’ distress and provide the help he or she needs. The concepts of the theory are: function of professional nursing, presenting behavior, immediate reaction, nursing process discipline, and improvement. Human caring as the moral ideal of nursing is the central focus of professional practice. It involves concern and empathy, and a commitment to the client’s lived experience of human health and the relationships among wellness, illness, and disease. The nurse, as a person, is engaged as an active partner in the human care transactions with clients across the life span. Nurses function autonomously and use power to shape the profession and empower clients through caring partnerships and other transactions. Within this framework, power is defined as the capacity to participate knowingly in the nature of change and is characterized by awareness, advocacy, choice, freedom to act intentionally, healing and involvement in

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