Nutrition And Pregnancy : Nutrition

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Chapter - 5
Maternal Nutrition in Pregnancy
Nutrition and pregnancy refers to the nutrient intake, and dietary planning that is undertaken before, during and after pregnancy. The conception and the subsequent weeks afterwards is the time when it is at its most vulnerable, as it is the time when the organs and systems develop within. The enegy used to create these systems comes from the energy and nutrients in the mother’s circulation, and around the lining of the womb, such is the reason why correct nutrient intake during pregnancy is so important. There is a recognised need for good nutrition during pregnancy, breastfeeding and in the early years of life. Adequate nutrition in pregnant women is important to allow the fetus to grow and develop physically and mentally to its full potential. It has a major impact on infant mortality, growth and development and forms the foundations of health in later life. Folic acid supplementation, bodh pre-conceptually and in the first twelve weeks of pregnancy, is particularly important as it significantly reduces the risk of neural tube defect (NTD).
Good nutrition befoer, during and after pregnancy is important to the mother herself–both in the short-and long-term. She needs to the have sufficient energy and appropriate levels of nutrients to maintain her own health as well as provide for the fetus and future breastfeeding needs. In the UK, nutrient requirements and healthy eating recommendations for women before, during and after
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