Nutrition, Exercise and Cancer Prevention Essay

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In 2006, Harvard Men’s Health Watch stated that “About 1.4 million Americans will be diagnosed with cancer this year, and some 560,000 will die from the disease” (Exercise and Malignancy 5). Many individuals and families have fought the battle of cancer for a number of years. There is not yet a perfect cure for this number one deadliest disease, and it is unknown how long it will take to find one. While many risk factors of developing cancer cannot be changed such as genetics, environmental carcinogens (substances that cause cancer), or a certain number of hormones, fortunately, there are several studies that show there are ways to somewhat reduce the risk of cancer. It is not possible to be immune, but by following a nutritional diet …show more content…
Cancer always develops the same way; however, there are different risk factors that contribute to the mutation that starts the process. Sometimes these risk factors cannot be avoided, such as genetics. Examples of genetic risk factors are the BRCA1 and the BRCA2 genes. These genes are normal and are essential for the controlled division of cells. Unfortunately, when a mutation attacks these cells, a woman’s risk of developing breast or ovarian cancer may be increased. According to the National Cancer Institute, 5-10% of breast cancers and 10-15% of ovarian cancers are linked to the inherited mutation of the BRCA1 and 2 genes. However, not all women will receive a breast or ovarian cancer diagnosis because of faulty BRCA1 and 2 genes (BRCA1 and BRCA2). Poor nutrition is a lifestyle factor that is considered a risk factor of cancer, and it can be prevented. One’s diet plays a large role in their overall health. Generally, one who eats well and takes care of themselves are healthier than one who chooses foods that are high in fats with barely any nutritional value. However, eating unhealthy food once in a while will not cause cancer, but keeping a healthy nutritional balance is essential. Studies show that diet and lifestyle combined contribute to roughly one-third of all cancers in the world (Young 2). What is an
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