Nutrition is a key component of an individual’s healthy well being. Many factors have a significant effect on nutrition and it is important to continuously maintain a balanced one. Having a good nutrition is one of the main defenses for an innumerous amount of illnesses and diseases that can harm the body. One would ask, “What is nutrition per say, and how do we maintain the balance of it?” Nutrition is defined as “the sum of the processes by which [a living thing] takes in and utilizes food substances.” (Merriam-Webster, 2011). It is the responsibility of each individual to assure the consumption of enough nutrients to nourish the body and to be cautious of harmful toxins. A child is dependent on their guardian on being taught how
Nutrition is important to understand because it is a significant contributor to the health and wellness of a human being. Nutrition can determine the weight of a person, the performance of organs and the body’s ability to prevent or accelerate certain diseases. Health and nutrition can be influenced by several factors such as family, friends, peers as well as physical and mental stress. As a young child, the immediate family is the biggest influence on nutrition because they are the first role models and establish the initial habits that the individual will develop. Through daily meal plans given to children, they can develop a standard of care in regard to nutrition and then incorporate key food groups into their daily diet. A child’s
An adult should follow the ratio consumption of: 60% carbohydrates, 30% fat, and 10% protein. All of these are essential macronutrients for adult bodies as they are a main source of energy. However, it is important to note that the ratios may vary from person to person due to physiological demands (1). Examples of sources of protein are milk, eggs, meat, fish, and nuts. Sources of healthy fat include avocados, peanuts, and soybeans. Carbohydrate sources derive from foods such as bread, pasta, rice, and potatoes.
Oils and Fats; For children under two years need a diet with more fat and less fibre then older children. Fat provides extra energy need at this stage of development, too much fibre will fill young children up and other more important nutrients may be left out. It's recommend not to give children processed foods as they contain high levels of saturated fats.
* 30% of carbohydrates (Starchy) foods such as potatoes, yarns or plantain and (preferably wholemeal when the children digestive system is mature enough) grain like rice, wheat, oats, barley etc…or some pulses. This food group offers a sustained energy level as well as calcium, iron and vitamin B.
My daily diet should contain a balance of proteins, carbohydrates (carbs), and lipids (collectively called macronutrients). According to Kirby (2011), micronutrients are substances such as vitamins, and minerals that are essential for healthy growth and developments. The body only requires small quantities of micronutrients and without them serious problems can arise. The role of each micronutrient makes proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids equally important in my diet. Proteins are important for repair and tissue growth, helps the body to make enzymes and hormones, as well as preserve lean muscle mass and is a source of energy. Carbohydrates are the body main source of energy and are easily broken down into glucose
Carbohydrate is a nutrient essential for energy production and the prevention of ketosis, a state where the production of ketones exceeds metabolism. Protein is a nutrient essential for its components, amino acids. Fat is a nutrient which provides insulation, protection and energy for the body.
Children need a balanced diet from all five food groups, to support growth and development. Children are also very active so they need the energy from the food to help them thrive.
The and Food and drinks you consume must be converted into smaller molecules of nutrients before the blood in your body can absorbs them and carry them to cells throughout your body. (The body breaks down nutrients from food and drink into carbohydrates, protein, fats, and vitamins.Carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are the sugars, starches, and fiber found in many foods. Carbohydrates are called simple or complex, depending on their chemical structure. Simple carbohydrates include sugars found naturally in foods such as fruits, vegetables, milk, and milk products, as well as sugars added during food processing.)Rettner, R. (2015, August 4). Bodies | The Smithsonian Institution's Human Origins. Complex carbohydrates are found in whole-grain breads and cereals, starchy vegetables, and legumes. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends that 45 to 65 percent of total calories come from your daily intake of carbohydrates. Protein. foods such as meat, eggs, and beans consist of large molecules of protein that the body digests into smaller molecules. The body absorbs amino acids through the small intestine into the blood, which then carries them throughout the body. The Dietary Guidelines recommends that 10 to 35 percent of total daily
The nutritional requirements of children differ according to their age and activity levels. The basic principles of a healthy diet are the same for all groups, including adults. The correct balance of macro and micro nutrients differs however as children need their food intake to support physical and mental
There are various macronutrients that are vital to incorporate in one’s diet. The majority of Americans consume large quantities of animal protein, but forget that proteins are an important class of nutrients. However, Americans consume unhealthy amounts of animal protein instead of plant proteins, which can lead to a variety of health disorders, including dehydration. Proteins in any form are “complex organic molecules that are chemically similar to lipids and carbohydrates because they contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms. Proteins, however, contain nitrogen, the element cells need to make a wide array of important biological compounds. [In addition], proteins are necessary for muscle development and maintenance, but the more than 200,000 different proteins in your body have a wide variety of functions” (Schiff 2013). Proteins, both animal and plant forms, the body uses to make or function as new cells (and many components of cells), structures such as hair and nails, enzymes, lubricants, clotting compounds, antibodies,
What we don’t talk about and never hear is the fact that fat is needed by our bodies to function properly. By understanding the different kinds of fats we can begin to understand how important it is to us, and how we can take care of our bodies and live a healthier life. Its time to break away from our old beliefs about fat and start to study this often misunderstood nutrient.
“Train up a child in a certain way, and when they grow up they will not depart from it.” Nutrition is very important throughout all ages; however, it is critical in infants and toddlers. Teaching and educating your child on what is good and bad for their health as they are growing up will stay with them as they get older. In the beginning, parents do everything for their child: feed, bathe, and change their infants, but when they become toddlers they start to want to do things for themselves. So, before a toddler has that mindset, parent need to educate and teach them about why good nutrition is important. Nutrition is the study of the way the body processes and use nutrients, substances in food that are needed for growth, repair, and maintenance
According to the World Health Organization, “Nutrition is the intake of food, considered in relation to the body’s dietary needs. Good nutrition – an adequate, well balanced diet combined with regular physical activity – is a cornerstone of good health. Poor nutrition can lead to reduced immunity, increased susceptibility to disease, impaired physical and mental development, and reduced productivity. (World Health Organization, 2012) ”
Proper nutrition is one of the most essential elements to being healthy and living a long life. People deal with food every day, and food has been a part of life since the beginning of civilization. What we eat becomes our diet, and our diet plays a major role in deciding how healthy we are and how well our body functions. Without proper diet, our body cannot carry out the functions it needs to perform. Most people have some common knowledge on what is good and what is bad for the human body to consume. Fruits, vegetables, nuts, and grains are some common items people think of when they think of healthy foods. However, it is not enough just to know what foods are good for your body, it is also important to understand why certain foods are