Nutrition Transition Of Indonesi Developing Countries
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Nutrition Transition in Indonesia
Similar to other developing countries, Indonesia is also experiencing a rapid nutrition transition. Malnutrition in Indonesia has no longer been a single nutrition problem since more people become overweight recently (Lipoeto, Lin, & Angeles-Agdeppa, 2013; Usfar, Agnew, Juniwaty, & Howell, 2013). The trend does not only occurs in people from urban areas as found in other developing countries, but also in people from rural areas with low income level (Roemling & Qaim, 2012; Sartika, 2013; Usfar et al., 2013). Furthermore, as obesity trend rises swiftly, its severity and range will increase as well (Roemling & Qaim, 2012). Therefore, it generates a more complicated challenge to be deal with.
The dual burden of the nutrition problem in the country is signed by the contrast pattern of nutrition status between under-five children and adult. According to the national Basic Health Research Survey (Riset Kesehatan Dasar Indonesia) 2013, prevalence of underweight in under-five children increases from 18.4% in 2007 and to 19.6% in 2013, while prevalence of overweight decreases 0.3%, standing in 11.9%. In adult (>18) age group, whereas prevalence of underweight people remains steady, a significant change occurs in the prevalence of overweight showing the 5.2% increase for men and 14.8% increase for women during a six-year period from 2007 to 2013 (Kemenkes, 2013). Another study comparing obesity status of both urban and rural area shows that